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Towards the Metamorphosis of the Landfill: Turning Garbage Dumps into Proactive Parks



©Mohamad Alamin Younis



Thesis by Mohamad Alamin Younis

Project Name:Towards the Metamorphosis of the Landfill: Turning Garbage Dumps into Proactive Parks

Type of Project:Final Year Project // Urban Project // Waste Management Sector // Public Project

Location: Tripoli, Lebanon
Architects: Mohamad Alamin Younis
Project completion date: September 1st, 2020
Photographer: Mohamad Alamin Younis


Are people truly aware of the serious impact that the rapidly growing mountains of trash have on the natural and built environment?

If we look at how waste is segregated, collected, and finally disposed, we could see how unsustainable this is for the built environment. Most cities around the globe follow a linear model in their operation: a flow of input/supply- be it energy, water, people, food, vehicles, and material - is processed and consumed resulting into an output flow of sewage, garbage, waste, and pollution. Such an unsustainable operation necessitates that every city designates a “backyard” to dispose of its output on a site that is out of its sight. The impact of such statement is seen at the social and urban level of most cities, where the public is totally absent in these highly industrial areas. It is safe to say that when the flow of the public is cut from the waste management sector, people are less likely to know about their anthropic actions.


The project answers this question by dealing with 3 dimensions. The first dimension is the urban integration of the proposed program into the parcel. The project is made of 4 parts: the park, the solid waste management machines, the proposed research center, and the visitor center. What stands out the most in this urban strategy is the architectural embodiment of the visitor center’s path to rewire the flow of the public to all functions of the project. This path is crucial to raise awareness from start to finish. In other words, as people walk through the project, they observe the process of waste management from waste segregation at the sorting plant till waste disposal in the inaccessible parts of the park. The importance of disposing waste in the park after it is rendered inert, is to set people inside a shrinking natural environment, which reflects how unsustainable waste measures and anthropic actions limits the availability of green spaces over time.