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Gangnam Style

Changhyun Kang, Kim Boseong
South Korea

1. Site select
Gangnam-gu in Seoul is one of the most expensive areas in South Korea in terms of land value. Despite having nearly average Green area per person close to the Seoul average, there is a severe lack of accessible parks. The southern part of Gangnam is relatively distant from the city center, allowing for a greater distribution of mountains and parks. However, the area around the chosen site has the highest foot traffic in Seoul and is densely populated with high-rise buildings and apartments, demanding more park space. The selected location is a complex of apartments built in the 1980s, currently awaiting redevelopment. It is situated along the Han River, near the subway stations and major tourist attractions. Accessibility for pedestrians is crucial for a park, making this site a suitable target area.

2. Design Concept
Gangnam was planned in the 1960s with a grid pattern land parcels and roads. We aimed to adopt this urban tissue into the park to make a morphological similarity between the city and the park. Additionally, unlike pocket parks, our Tiny Forest aims to provide a place for people to experience nature and relaxation in their daily lives while also serving as a habitat for wildlife. Due to the increasing loss of habitats for wildlife because of environmental destruction. Seoul is also facing this issue. To solve this, we adopted a vertical separation between humans and animals. Mimicking Gangnam's grid, we designed skywalks for people to enjoy the park while animals inhabit the ground-level forest, promoting coexistence.

3. Greenery Plan
The park's surroundings are urbanized, with an overpass to the west. Urban pollution and noise hinder relaxation in the park. To mitigate this, we strategically arranged trees in a zigzag pattern and planted various species of different heights to filter out dust and noise from all directions. Especially at the center of the park, where wildlife habitat is located, we created a dense forest to reduce stress for animals. Commercial trees were planted around the wildlife habitat, serving as a resource for the park's carpentry workshop. In areas mainly used by people, we reduced the number of trees to enhance mobility and landscape aesthetics.

4. Programs
The park's programs are categorized into culture, education, and leisure.
4.1. Culture
A stage area, where people can enjoy movies and concerts is in northen of the park. The expansive plaza also hosts various events like exhibitions, and flea markets.
4.2. Education
Using timber obtained from the forest, a carpentry workshop offers class. The ecological learning center in the east animal habitat provides children with opportunities for animal interaction. An outdoor library in the plaza is a one of the important points, allowing visitors to enjoy reading in a natural setting.
4.3. Leisure
park offers picnic spots, meditation areas. There's a sports field in the southern section where visitors can play badminton, basketball, and other sports.
4.4. Miscellaneous
Our Tiny Forest includes office buildings for start-ups. Natural workspaces enhance productivity. Convenience stores, cafe and restaurants are also available for park visitors.

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