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Murat Mert Sayar

Radical change began after The World War I. Rapid industrialization has negatively affected the working and artisanal class. The population of the proletariat in society has steadily increased. The industrial revolution that took place in the 18th century should inevitably have followed industrial design. Production, inspired by the vision of the future, would begin to be called "MODERN", which dates back to the present day. In addition to being economical, robust and useful, modern production had to make you forget the traumatic memories of the past (to be innovative). Could the destructive feature of the technology involved in our lives be used with a free and progressive view? However, this view, which was possible with an apolitical approach, would over time be adopted as a way of life than the spirit of the period, and the primitive nobleman, who was not contaminated with culture (geographical and social background), would be the representation of man, the measure of all things.

In the early 18th century, the "ART & CRAFT STYLE" movement in England, pioneered by William Morris, was against modern society and its mechanical products. He wasn't taking the standard idea, he was redesigning everything using gothic and oriental style. But economic conditions did not allow for continuity of style. Based on a similar view, an optimized style showed itself in Germany "ART & MACHINE." Instead of duplicating production models in this style, the designer's participation in mass production was involved.

Architect Walter Gropius, the founder of the Bauhaus, knew that if he controlled the environment in which people lived, he could regulate their lives as well. Aiming for a new society with a vision of revolutionary culture and art, Gropius brought together artists and craftsmen (architects, painters, sculpts) and included them in industrial production. He founded the art school, which embodies many disciplines with the dream of an alternative form of production and advocates for newness without classical education. In addition to symbolization of the Bauhaus spirit, it has become a form of expression with its reinterpretation and experimental working model.

Gropius designed a large space brighter in the Fagus shoe factory project and integrated the transparent glass curtain wall, which was distributed with elegant steel profiles that he tried for the first time, into reinforced concrete walls. The success of the project proved that a different way of life wants to live, not a dominant culture, contrary to society's commitment to the 800s of the "ART & CRAFT" style.

After the conservative national socialists came to power, the Bauhaus school in Germany was forced to close due to a disobeying of the Nazi ideology. The main features of Bauhaus style: the removal of decoration, form follows function, simplicity, pure geometric composition, spread around the world through education members who migrated to America and Israel.

A different phenomenon of belonging has developed in new generations born into the environment, where abstract design, which has severed its relationship with the traditional, has become widespread. Physical reality has been replaced by perceived reality. Mental activities became visible instead of transferring what was seen. In the continuation of this process, city plans consisting of high structures that allow to watch wide perspective apertures began to be designed. But uncontrolled population growth and unwillingness to move away from the center, the settlement has failed this idealistic hierarchy. The city, exempt from the density account, continued to grow by squeezing the life within it. For this reason, today's architect also had to integrate rational solutions into his conceptual design, taking into account the mechanical problems of the city.

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