The toroidal house
© Kirill Chebotarev
© Kirill Chebotarev
© Kirill Chebotarev
Dreaming of peace and quiet is always bonded to a certain place, whether it is a home or elsewhere you feel devoted to. A place itself doesn’t fulfill this role completely, because what we actually cherish is the way it interacts with light: how the wooden desks reflect the sunlight and become shiny, the leaves on a tree that seem to be translucent, let the sun rays go through them to gently touch your cheek. While being there you can feel this warmth and even smell it, feel the calm happiness starting filling you from inside.
Numerous researches tell about the healing power of sunlight: it cures various diseases from depression to cancer, improves the effectiveness of treatments and even relieves pain. Sun is what we are born and live under, it is the most important component of well-being. Anywhere the human goes, sunlight should also come along with him but sometimes it can be hard to achieve and so the only way is to adapt the places we are in.
That is why more and more architects are returning to the very beginning: go along with nature and not against it. We can see trends of making buildings more compliant and friendly to sunlight, not only by changing the interior but the exterior too.
Surroundings of any building affect the atmosphere around it quite a lot, in this case trees around the house and two ponds are what brings a sense of nostalgia. Water sparkling under the sun with fish swimming there makes the place even more desirable to live in. And what unites the building with the rest of the forest is the tree inside the yard, so the house itself doesn't stand out as much.
The entrance here is almost hidden: it’s narrow and doesn’t allow a lot of sunlight to break in. This is what makes the building feel special: keeping in mind that the house is located in a remote area, only a certain number of people who know about this place can come into it. Inside, the corridor starts to curve following the overall shape, the inner side windows help with providing an additional lighting source as well as establish connection between two areas. The right side of the first storey contains a kitchen, a small working zone, a bathroom and an emergency exit, on the other side are a built-in wardrobe, four bedrooms, each pair of those have a shared bathroom. What brings harmony to the composition is a garden with a small reservoir in the center. Everything starts to spread from that particular tree, this is where the layered spiral takes it beginning, coming all the way to the top.
The second storey is about meeting the sun: sofas are calling you to have a minute of relaxation, some of them are hidden behind the walls, some are bathed in sunlight from each and every side: incrustrating the roof with additional windows, allowed rooms and balcony to capture more light, especially at sunrise and sunset when the lighting is dim.
The lighting does not only bring functionality, the connection between the building and sunlight runs way deeper. Sunlight is what breathes life into mankind's creations. It affects the building's core parts, interacting with each one of them in their own way.
The shape was inspired by torus which makes it look unique, expressing mysterious and at the same time welcoming feeling. Sunlight envelops the walls creating a flow and further emphasizes its soft outlines.
The choice of textures consists of concrete and natural materials such as wood and stone. They give off a warm hue, the moment light touches them, making the rooms not just a place to sleep but something that resonates with our souls. This turns the placement into a personal paradise. The way materials interact with people is also an important criteria: nothing is more pleasurable than walking on a warm wooden floor.
Light can also change a pattern appearance: when the light falls on grass it makes each strand stand out more, creating a subtle but noticeable detail.
Mixing together they create a brand new project aiming to demonstrate how natural lighting and materials can affect modern architecture without starting a confrontation: a balance between artificial and natural will definitely become mainstream soon.
Natural lighting overall has tons of advantages. Sunlight will always play one of the main roles in showing the best features of the building and further enhancing them. Considering it’s positive effect not only on the mental and physical state of our bodies, but also reducing the cost of electricity, which is mostly beneficial for large public and manufacturing places, making the buildings adapted to sunlight significantly increases chances of the projects to be more successful: because something that seems familiar and doesn’t have any major disadvantages appeals more to us, people.